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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 89-91

Factors affecting patient's desire for seeking orthodontic treatment


Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication18-Oct-2016

Correspondence Address:
S P Saravana Dinesh
162, Poonamalle High Road, Velappanchavadi, Chennai - 600 095, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2349-5243.192528

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  Abstract 

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the factors which affect a patient's desire for orthodontic treatment.
Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the various reasons and motivating factors for patients to seek orthodontic treatment through a structured questionnaire.
Materials and Methods: The survey was carried out in a population sample of 100 patients using a standard questionnaire before receiving orthodontic treatment. Perceived need for orthodontic treatment was assessed by asking questions to the patients.
Results: Functional need was felt mostly by the males (36%), whereas females felt esthetics to be their major concern (72%). Fifty-three percent of the patients rated their dental appearance as bad and 47% had a teasing experience for protruded teeth. Majority of patients (76%) considered the improvement of general esthetics the most important outcome for seeking orthodontic treatment, whereas 11% sought treatment to improve dental health, 4% to enhance self-confidence, and only 1% to improve chewing and speech.
Conclusion: People who are not satisfied with their appearance are the ones who seek orthodontic treatment. Patient's awareness of their appearance and their satisfaction are important to the orthodontist for patient satisfaction. The patient's motivation in seeking orthodontic treatment should be determined before the treatment commences to increase the chances of success of the orthodontic treatment.

Keywords: Motivating factors; orthodontic treatment; reasons


How to cite this article:
Jayachandar D, Saravana Dinesh S P. Factors affecting patient's desire for seeking orthodontic treatment. Int J Orthod Rehabil 2016;7:89-91

How to cite this URL:
Jayachandar D, Saravana Dinesh S P. Factors affecting patient's desire for seeking orthodontic treatment. Int J Orthod Rehabil [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Oct 21];7:89-91. Available from: http://www.orthodrehab.org/text.asp?2016/7/3/89/192528


  Introduction Top


Understanding the factors that determine the need for orthodontic treatment will enable better planning and also better assessment of treatment needs and patient's priorities. Gender, age, intellectual level, social class, severity of the malocclusion, dental care, and self-perception of facial esthetics are found to be associated with the desire to seek orthodontic treatment. [1] The goals of orthodontic treatment are restoring esthetic impairments, improving oral health, oral function, and enhancing patient's psychosocial well-being. Patients who seek orthodontic treatment are most likely to be concerned with the improvement of their appearance and smile as well as social acceptance in a population. [2] Various reasons and factors which influence patients to seek orthodontic treatment, have been published in a number of the previous studies. Social and psychological impact of malocclusion can either be noticed by the patient himself or by other people resulting in low self-esteem, teasing experiences, and dissatisfaction of appearance and may motivate a patient to seek orthodontic treatment. [3] The reason behind the increasing desire for orthodontic treatment should not be underestimated. People who are dissatisfied with their dental appearance may have psychological problems which may impact their social behavior. Self-confidence and higher self-esteem are expressed by people who are satisfied with their teeth. Hence, the desire for orthodontic treatment can be considered as a way to improve dentofacial appearance and also gain self-confidence. [4] Dental attractiveness plays an important role in seeking orthodontic treatment. The perception of dental attractiveness varies greatly between individuals. [5] The studies show high correlations between esthetics, need for treatment, and severity of malocclusion in clinical assessments. The desire for orthodontic treatment by individuals who are dissatisfied with their appearance underlies most orthodontic treatments. For this reason, the orthodontist's objective is to improve the function and appearance and to ensure patient satisfaction at the end of treatment. It is, therefore, important for the orthodontist to know the patient's awareness of their appearance and their satisfaction. [6] This study was to investigate the interrelationships between the factors involved in seeking orthodontic treatment.


  Materials and Methods Top


The study was conducted in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital using a structured questionnaire that consisted of 17 questions. The subjects were patients awaiting orthodontic treatment. A total of 120 patients who were willing to participate in the study were given the questionnaire. The patients aged 15 years and above were considered for this study. The questions and their corresponding options were explained to the patients before they were asked to answer it. The questionnaire assessed various factors such as the frequency of dental check-up, self-satisfaction of facial profile, teasing experiences regarding dental appearance, economic factor, educational status, age, sex, functional defects, perceived outcome of the orthodontic treatment, and patient's perception of malocclusion.


  Results Top


Of the 120 patients that participated in the study, 100 patients completed the questionnaire satisfactorily. Majority of the patients were males (66%). The patients belonged mostly to the 15-29 year age group. Functional need was felt mostly by the males (36%), whereas females felt esthetics to be their major concern (72%) [Table 1]. Among the entire study population, 37% were educated and 71% visited the dentist only when necessary [Table 2]. About 55% of the patients had an economic factor that prohibited their treatment. In about 64%, the orthodontic treatment was suggested by their family and friends. Esthetics seemed to be an important factor for seeking treatment as most of the patients stated straighter teeth as a major motivating factor (48%) and general esthetic improvement as a major concern (65%). The experience of teasing regarding their dental appearance seemed to increase their esthetic concern in about 54% [Table 1] and [Table 2]. Fifty-three percent of the patients rated their dental appearance as bad and 47% had a teasing experience for protruded teeth. Forty seven percent of the total study population was satisfied with their dental appearance [Graph 1]. Functional concern was felt by 36% of the patients [Table 1]. Majority of the patients (76%) considered the improvement of general esthetics, the most important outcome for seeking orthodontic treatment whereas 11% sought treatment to improve dental health, 4% to enhance self-confidence, and only 1% to improve chewing and speech [Graph 2].
Table 1: Factors motivating patients for treatment

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Table 2: Data obtained from the study

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  Discussion Top


The results of this study revealed that dentofacial esthetics is the major factor that determines the patient's desire for orthodontic treatment. [7] Variables such as gender and age were not found to have any significant differences when correlated to the desire for orthodontic treatment. Nevertheless, some patients mentioned reasons as difficulty in swallowing and chewing as their desire for seeking orthodontic treatment. Psychological factors are the main reason why patients seek orthodontic treatment, the key factor being an improvement in dental appearance. Most of the patients in the present study visited the dentists only when they had some dental problem. This could be due to low dental awareness of the patients surveyed. The desire to have an improved facial appearance by orthodontic treatment was found to be high in the study group. Dissatisfaction of dental profile was felt by more than half of the population, and it was not affected by gender or age.


  Conclusion Top


People who are not satisfied with their appearance are the ones who seek orthodontic treatment. Patient's awareness of their appearance and their satisfaction are important to the orthodontist for patient satisfaction. Factors such as age and sex can be considered to have some influence on patient's need for orthodontic treatment. It is important to recognize patient's esthetic concerns in planning orthodontic treatment. The patient's motivation in seeking orthodontic treatment should be determined before the treatment commences to increase chances for a mutually satisfying orthodontic treatment result for both the orthodontist and the patient.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Marques LS, Pordeus IA, Ramos-Jorge ML, Filogônio CA, Filogônio CB, Pereira LJ, et al. Factors associated with the desire for orthodontic treatment among Brazilian adolescents and their parents. BMC Oral Health 2009;9:34.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Bashar R, El-Momani BD, Ahmad M, Tarawneh BD. Why Jordanians seek orthodontic treatment? Demand and real need. JRMS 2014;21:17-21.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Al Fawzan A. Reasons for seeking orthodontic treatment in Qassim Region: A pilot study. Int Dent J Stud Res 2013;1:58-62.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Xiao-Ting L, Tang Y, Huang XL, Wan H, Chen YX. Factors influencing subjective orthodontic treatment need and culture-related differences among Chinese natives and foreign inhabitants. Int J Oral Sci 2010;2:149-57.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]    
5.
Miguel JA, Sales HX, Quintão CC, Oliveira BH, Feu D. Factors associated with orthodontic treatment seeking by 12-15-year-old children at a state university-funded clinic. J Orthod 2010;37:100-6.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Patil SP, Harsha RH, Mane AB, Sharma JH, Patil PR. Factors influencing the perceived orthodontic treatment need and its relationship with awareness of malocclusion among college adolescents. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2014;12:179-84.  Back to cited text no. 6
  Medknow Journal  
7.
Abdullah AA, Yassin Z, Zamzam N. Reasons for seeking orthodontic treatment: A pilot study. Ann Dent Univ Malaya 2001;8:13-9.  Back to cited text no. 7
    



 
 
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Abstract
Introduction
Materials and Me...
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
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