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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-63

Effect of malocclusion severity on oral health-related quality of life and food intake ability in orthodontic patients


Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopeadics, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Elayampalayam, Nammakkal, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aneeta Johny
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopeadics, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Elayampalayam, Nammakkal, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijor.ijor_45_17

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Introduction: Malocclusion is a social handicap because of its negative physical, psychological and social impact on the people. Apart from the esthetic setback, malocclusion also affects the general health of a person by hampering the quality and quantity of food intake. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of malocclusion severity on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and food intake ability (FIA) in orthodontic patients. Methods: A total of 254 patients were assessed for the severity of malocclusion, OHRQoL, and FIA using standard oral health impact profile questionnaire and FIA questionnaire and their grades of malocclusion were assessed using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need- Dental Health Component Index. Results: Of the quality of life questionnaire, females are more affected in social disability than males (P < 0.001). Adolescents responded more positively toward their quality of OHRQoL. Conclusion: Severe malocclusion caused functional limitation, psychological discomfort, psychological disability, social disability, and physically challenged. The severity of malocclusion did not affect the FIA of the patient.


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