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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 108-111

Assessment of skeletal and dental maturity indicators and comparison of maturity indicators in vertical and horizontal growth pattern individuals with normal growth pattern individuals

1 Department of Orthodontics, VYWS Dental College, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, AIDSR Dental College, Bathinda, Punjab, India
3 Private Orthodontic Practice, Aditya Chambers, Housing Society, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Orthodontics, Dr. Rajesh Ramdasji Kambe Dental College and Hospital, Akola, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Harshal Ashok Patil
Private Orthodontic Practice, Aditya Chambers, Housing Society, Jalgaon - 425 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijor.ijor_20_17

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Objective: The purpose of the present study was carried out to establish whether the vertical and horizontal growth patterns influence the rate of dental and skeletal maturation as compared to normal growth patterns. Materials and Methods: This study comprised sixty samples divided into three groups. Group I normal grower (control), Group II-vertical growers, and Group III-horizontal growers. Each sample was assessed for skeletal and dental age using cervical vertebrae maturation index (CVMI), skeletal maturity indicator stages and canine calcification stages, respectively. All data in the groups were analyzed by analysis of variance test. Subgroup data and comparisons were analyzed by Dunnett D-test and -test. Results: Results showed that dental maturation was delayed in horizontal growers as compared to vertical growers with = 0.00 and 0.044. There was nonsignificant difference in dental maturation of male and females with >0.05. The comparison of skeletal maturation by hand-wrist radiograph showed significant variation in Group III with delayed skeletal maturation of horizontal growers than control group with P < 0.05. Dunnett D-test showed main skeletal age by CVMI was significant with = 0.00 which indicates that skeletal age of Group III to be lower in all groups. Rest was nonsignificant. Conclusion: Individuals with horizontal growth pattern showed delayed dental maturation when compared to vertical growers.

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